Makar Sankranti 2024 Date, Muhurat and Puja Vidhi

Makar Sankranti 2024 – Every little thing You Have to Maintain in Thoughts

A pageant heralding new beginnings and an auspicious begin to the yr, the Hindu festival of Makar Sankranti is taken into account to be one of many predominant festivals that mark the Solar’s transit to Makara (Capricorn). Normally noticed on January 15, Makar Sankranti is the primary main Hindu pageant within the Gregorian calendar.
The time period ‘Sankranti’ implies motion, and it marks the start of the Uttarayana or the northward motion of the Solar.
Many individuals additionally take into account the auspicious pageant because the harbinger of a great harvest. Charity carried out on today is taken into account to be of nice significance. The pageant is devoted to Lord Surya, and it’s believed that on today, the Solar God visits his son Shani. This pageant is widely known with nice pomp and fervor in lots of elements of India, as individuals have a good time the onset of harvest.

Makar Sankranti 2024 – The Starting of Auspicious Tidings

The date on which Makar Sankranti falls is decided as per the photo voltaic cycle, despite the fact that many of the Hindu festivals comply with the lunar calendar. The phrase ‘Sankrant’ denotes the Solar’s transit into a brand new rasi/zodiac and in addition marks the start of the photo voltaic month.
On Makar Sankranti the Solar transits into the Makara rasi or Capricorn, marking the start of the Makara month.

This yr, Makara Sankranti can be celebrated on January 15, Monday.

The Punya Kaal timings for Makar Sankranti are as beneath:

  • Makara Sankranti on Monday, January 15, 2024
  • Makara Sankranti Punya Kala – 07:14 AM – 12:36 PM
  • Length – 5 hours 22 minutes
  • Makara Sankranti Maha Punya Kala – 7:14 AM – 9:02 AM
  • Length – 1 hours 48 minutes
  • Makara Sankranti Second – January 15, 2:45 AM

Rituals and Puja Vidhi for Makar Sankranti

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As individuals put together for Makar Sankranti, they clear their homes and puja rooms and hold them prepared for the puja. The puja is carried out to realize the blessings of Lord Surya; therefore an idol or a picture of Lord Surya is positioned on the altar and embellished and provided flowers, cash, incense sticks, betel nuts and leaves, holy water, turmeric powder, and a plate with 4 white and black laddoos constructed from sesame. Ladies cowl their heads with a sari or scarf in the course of the puja. Whereas performing the auspicious puja, the devotees chant the Surya mantra

“Om Hram Hreem Hroum Sah Suryay Namah”

Throughout the expanse of India, Makar Sankranti is widely known in numerous names. The rituals additionally fluctuate in response to the area. Makar Sankranti is thought by numerous names similar to
Lohri in Punjab and sure North Indian areas,
Sukarat in central areas
Sankranti or Pongal in Southern areas.
It’s celebrated in Haryana, Punjab, and Himachal Pradesh areas as Maghi, the title signifying the corresponding lunar month of Magha.
For the Assamese Hindus, the Makar Sankranti pageant is named Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu,
In West Bengal, it’s Poush Sankranti
Within the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, it is named Sankrant
In Bihar, it’s Kichari.
Going South, this pageant is named Pongal in Tamil Nadu and is widely known with enormous fanfare.
It is named Pedda Panduga in Andhra Pradesh and Sankranti in Karnataka, indicating the range of the nation.
Each state has a singular ritual, primarily based on its cultures and traditions, however for all, it’s associated to the astrological and agricultural cycles and has sure observances in frequent similar to paying respect to the Solar, the Earth, the crops, and the cattle. Additionally, in some areas, observing vrat or fasting, conducting pujas at residence, and giving alms to the poor and needy are thought-about auspicious. In Uttar Pradesh, individuals comply with the ritual of getting a holy bathtub within the Ganges. The ‘Magh Mela’ commences on today at Prayag in Allahabad, and devotees flock to the area to acquire blessings.
Within the northern state of Punjab, individuals mild bonfires on the eve of Sankranti and carry out puja across the sacred fireplace. They throw rice and sweets into the hearth as choices. Grand feasts are partaken by the individuals, and so they carry out the ‘bhangra’ dance across the fireplace.
Kite flying is a primary sport throughout Makar Sankranti in Gujarat. Individuals collect on the terraces and open areas to fly kites of assorted styles and sizes.
Different rituals embrace elders of the household gifting the youthful members. In Maharashtra, Makar Sankranti is widely known with nice fervor. Varied sweets are ready from jaggery and sesame and exchanged amongst each other with the greetings of “Tilgud ghya ani god god bola”, which means “partake the sweetness of jaggery and sesame and communicate sweetly because the candy.”
Maharashtra additionally witnesses married ladies performing the age-old custom of ‘Haldi Kumkum’, which is attended by different ladies folks from the world who apply the Kumkum and turmeric powder on one another’s brow and change items and sweets. There’s additionally a ritual of shopping for new utensils for the home, by the ladies, thus bringing in luck and prosperity.
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In Tamil Nadu and Southern elements of India, Makar Sankranti marks the harvest season. Paddy is harvested on today, and candy choices product of rice, jaggery, pulses, milk, and ghee are ready and provided to the household deity.
The pageant goes by the title of ‘Pongal’ and is widely known for 4 days in Tamil Nadu.
The well-known Ganga Saagar Mela commences on today in Bengal. The Mela is organized within the delta areas of the Ganga, the place the river merges with the Bay of Bengal. Devotees take holy dips in Ganga and supply morning prayers to Lord Surya at daybreak.
Makar Sankranti is noticed as New 12 months by the tribes of Orissa and is welcomed with native meals, which is shared amongst buddies and households. As you may see, the pageant is widely known with pomp and fervor all through the nation.

Makar Sankranti – A Legendary Pageant

In response to Hindu mythology and legend, Sankranti – after whom the pageant has been named – was a deity who annihilated a demon named Sankarasur. It’s thought-about the date on which the Solar started to maneuver northwards, as, earlier than Makar Sankranti, the Solar shone on the southern hemisphere. That is believed to be the interval of Uttarayan by Hindus and is taken into account to be a interval of auspiciousness.
The importance of Makar Sankranti has been talked about in Vedic texts. In response to Mahabharata, Bheeshma Pitamaha, who was blessed with the boon of selecting his time of demise, waited for the start of Uttarayana to liberate his soul from his physique mendacity on a mattress of arrows.
One other legend related to Makar Sankranti is that Lord Surya selected today to go to his son Shani – the lord of Makara rasi. Therefore, it’s a perception that today signifies the strengthening of bonds or resolving the conflicts between a father and son. There’s one other legend related to this pageant indicating the triumph of Lord Vishnu over the Asuras. It’s believed that Lord Vishnu ended the misery attributable to Asuras on PrithviLok by chopping their heads off and burying them beneath the Mandara Parvat. Therefore, Makar Sankranti additionally signifies the victory of excellent over evil and the beginning of auspicious tidings.

Why is Makar Sankranti Celebrated in India?

Indians observe Sankranti each time the Solar enters a brand new rasi. Nevertheless, Makar Sankranti is extra vital because it arrives after the southern winter solstice and marks the start of the Solar’s motion in the direction of the north.
Makar Sankranti is widely known as a reminder of the truth that life is sustained by these relative actions of the Earth and the Solar.
The change of seasons, the equinoxes, the northern solstice (summer time solstice), the southern solstice (winter solstice), and so forth., are all the outcomes of such motion. Through the winter solstice, the lean of the earth is at most, and the Solar reaches its southernmost level. From today, the Solar’s northward motion will get robust, and Makar Sankranti marks the start of the interval with regular progress within the length of daytime and fills individuals’s lives with mild.

Significance of Makar Sankranti

There are numerous the reason why the pageant is taken into account essential, and these are as follows –

Astrological significance of Makar Sankranti

In India, and the photo voltaic calendar, the primary day of each photo voltaic month is a Sankranti signifying the transit (Sankranti or Sankramanam) of the Solar into that specific rasi. Thus, there are 12 Sankranti in a yr. Of those twelve Sankranti, Makar Sankranti and Karka Sankranti are outstanding for his or her astrological and climatic significance. Makar Sankranti arrives after the winter solstice (shortest day) in Dhanu rasi, whereas Karka Sankranti arrives after the summer time solstice (shortest evening) in Midhuna rasi. When the Solar passes the equinox in Thula and strikes south, the times get shorter than the nights. It progresses on this manner till the winter solstice in Dhanu, which marks the shortest daylight of the yr.
After the winter solstice, because the Solar begins the Uttarayana or northward motion, the length of daytime will increase constantly. As soon as the pageant makes its presence felt, the times get longer and hotter constantly. In lots of elements of India, it marks the arrival of spring and is widely known as a harvest pageant.

The non secular significance of Makar Sankranti

Indian sages and yogis take into account Makar Sankranti to be of nice significance. A Yogi’s life is predicated on the divine bond between the human system and the cosmic system. Their non secular developments evolve following the actions within the Universe and corresponding developments on Earth. Makar Sankranti is a transition that marks the gradual improvement of a brand new part of life, thus symbolizing new beginnings.

Social and cultural significance of Makar Sankranti

Since India is an agrarian nation, the pageant is extraordinarily essential because it is a vital interval within the agricultural cycle. For many elements of India, it’s both the harvest time or the interval after sowing. The pageant observances and methods of worship fluctuate throughout the size and breadth of the nation. In some areas, it’s a single-day pageant noticed solely on the day of Sankranti, whereas in some states, it’s a celebration that spans a number of days. The celebrations embrace paying obeisance to the Solar God for the great harvest and paying respect to Mom Earth, the crops, and the cattle. Additionally it is an event for socializing in lots of elements of India via conventional sweets at residence ready significantly from sesame and jaggery and sharing it amongst family and friends members. This boosts love and care among the many individuals.
One other essential custom is kite flying which is noticed in sure elements of India. On this trendy period, it is rising in popularity and has unfold to new areas as effectively. Yearly, on January 15, the cities of Ahmedabad and Delhi conduct Kite Flying Festivals, that are attended by individuals throughout the nation and from overseas. These occasions have gained worldwide recognition as natives and foreigners eagerly take part within the kite flying occasion displaying numerous shapes, colours, and sizes of kites. On Makar Sankranti, the sky is lit up with colourful kites.

Ought to You Contemplate a Pilgrimage throughout Makar Sankranti?

Many Hindu pilgrim facilities witness non secular observances on Makar Sankranti, with devotees performing non secular practices by taking a holy bathtub within the holy rivers of Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna, and Cauvery. The pageant additionally coincides with a number of Melasor non secular gala’s, that are attended by an enormous variety of devotees. These embrace the well-known Kumbh Mela, which is held each 12 years at one of many 4 holy locations viz. Haridwar, Prayag (Allahabad), Ujjain, and Nashik. 1000’s of devotees throng the Magh Mela, also referred to as the mini Kumbh Mela, which is held yearly at Prayag and sees numerous devotees.
You can even go to West Bengal, the place the Ganga Sagar Mela is held at Sagar Island, part of the land the place the river Ganga merges with the Bay of Bengal. 1000’s of devotees have a good time Makar Sankranti right here. Makar Sankranti additionally holds nice significance in Kerala and is taken into account an auspicious time for enterprise the Sabarimala Pilgrimage. The inflow of Lord Ayyappa Temple at Sabarimala, Kerala, can be at its most on today when thousands and thousands of devotees from throughout the nation collect on the temple premises to worship Lord Ayyappa and witness the auspicious Makara Vilakku (Makara Lamp) and Makara Jyothi (Makara Gentle).
A few of the different Melas performed throughout today embrace the TusuMela or TusuPorab in Jharkhand and West Bengal, PoushMela at Shantiniketan, West Bengal and Makar Mela in Orissa. In case you are eager on taking a pilgrimage in the course of the pageant, it is a wonderful alternative to witness the tradition and non secular fervor of India.
Read Significance of 41-day Sabarimala Mandala Kalam

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