Onam 2023: The Celebration of Kerala’s Tradition & Heritage

Onam is an annual Hindu festival celebrated within the state of Kerala. It’s the nationwide competition of Kerala, reflecting the state’s tradition and heritage in a novel approach.
It’s, certainly, probably the most revered competition of the state. Onam brings in the very best festive spirit amongst Keralites, regardless of social standing and faith, and is widely known with a lot splendor.

When is Onam celebrated?

The competition of Onam lasts greater than ten days. It’s celebrated within the month of Chingam (Simha), which is the primary month within the conventional Malayalam photo voltaic calendar.

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The competition extends from Atham (Hasta) Nakshatram to Chathayam (Shatabhisha) Nakshatram within the month of Chingam. The celebrations will likely be in full splendor on Uthradam (Uttara Ashada), Thiruvonam (Sravana), Avittom (Dhanishta), and Chathayam (Shatabhisha), that are usually thought to be Onnaam (First) Onam, Randaam (Second) Onam, Moonnam (Third) Onam and Naalaam (Fourth) Onam respectively.
A very powerful day of the competition is Thiruvonam. The competition identify ‘Onam’ itself is a tweak of the phrase Thiruvonam. On the Gregorian calendar, Onam normally falls in late August or early September.

When is Thiruvonam 2023?

Thiruvonam 2023, crucial event of the competition of Onam, falls on August 29, Tuesday. So the competition date of Onam in 2023 is August 29. Atham, the day marking the start of celebrations, falls on August 20, Sunday.

Pageant Date of Onam in 2023 is August 29

Onam 2023 – Essential Dates and Timings

Dawn: September 8 2022, 6:18 AM

Sundown : September 8, 2022, 6:26 PM

Thiruvonam Nakshathram Begins: September 7, 2022, 4:00 PM

Thiruvonam Nakshathram Ends: September 8, 2022, 1:46 PM

Nakshatra Date Weekday
Atham (Hasta) August 20 Sunday
Chithira (Chitra)/Chothi (Swati) August 21 Monday
Chodi (Swati) August 22 Tuesday
Visakham (Visakha) August 23 Wednesday
Anizham (Anuradha) August 24 Thursday
Thrikketta (Jyeshta) August 25 Friday
Moolam (Moola) August 26 Saturday
Pooradam (PurvaAshada) August 27 Sunday
Uthradam (UtharaAshada) August 28 Monday
Thiruvonam (Sravana) August 29 Tuesday
Avittam (Dhanishta) August 30 Wednesday
Chathayam (Shatabhisha) August 31 Thursday

Onam 2023: Cultural Significances

Onam, the most important competition within the state of Kerala, fills the hearts of individuals with gaiety and brings them collectively to be part of the colourful, cultural competition. All Keralites, their households, neighborhoods, and even the private and non-private organizations attempt to make the celebrations as grand as they’ll.
Yearly, the Govt. Of Kerala declares a 4-day vacation break to have a good time Onam. The 4 days are the First (Uthradam), Second (Thiruvonam), Third (Avittam), and Fourth (Chathayam) Onam days. Thiruvonam, the second Onam, is the principle day that’s celebrated with probably the most pomp and splendor. It’s crucial competition that fills up gaiety in each nook and nook of the land. The celebrations vary from households shopping for new garments and feasting collectively to massive social occasions showcasing numerous cultural and sports activities entertainments.


For Keralites, the Onam celebrations are a commemoration of the legendary King Mahabali. It’s believed that in the course of the reign of Mahabali, affluence, and righteousness prevailed throughout this land, and Onam is a remembrance of that lovely interval. The frequent perception is that yearly, on the day of Thiruvonam, Mahabali visits his land and other people from PatalLoka (nether world). Some affiliate this competition with the start of Vishnu’s fifth avatar Vamana.

Harvest competition of Kerala

Onam can also be the rice harvest competition of Kerala. It falls at the moment of the 12 months when the monsoon takes a break. The climate will likely be excellent, neither too dry nor too moist, and the flowers will likely be in full bloom. The varied customs and celebrations noticed on the event of Onam are symbolic of agricultural prosperity and total social affluence.
Onam is crucial competition of the Hindus in Kerala, however this event is loved by different communities too. The grand celebrations of this competition get rid of all of the non secular disparities in society. It’s a frequent apply for the opposite communities right here to affix the Hindus of their conventional Onam feast and different merrymaking. It unites individuals of all communities and spreads the message of peace and concord.

Onam celebrations

All of the celebrations related to Onam are a show of Kerala’s wealthy heritage and tradition. Numerous post-harvest sports activities, Onapattukal (Onam songs), Kaikottikkali, and all different cultural and leisure applications depict the sweetness and satisfaction of a fantastic custom. This time of the 12 months can also be thought-about the tourism week in Kerala and is the very best time to go to the state. All of the retailers and business institutions within the state take pleasure in most enterprise on this interval of the 12 months.

The Legend of Onam

The historical past of Onam dates again to the Sangam interval when it was was celebrated for a month. In response to mythology, the demon King Mahabali (grandson of Prahlad), a mighty ruler, managed the three Lokas – BhuLoka, Deva Loka, and PatalLoka (Earth, Heaven, and the Nether World). Regardless that he belonged to the Asura clan, he was identified to be beneficiant and sort to his individuals, and for that, he was adored. It was throughout his reign that individuals noticed the very best of occasions; prosperity and grandeur dominated in all places. Nonetheless, the Gods had been sad with him as a result of he had defeated them, and his energy and recognition stored rising. Therefore, they approached Lord Vishnu for assist.

Vamana and Mahabali

Sensing their concern, Lord Vishnu disguised himself as a poor Brahmin Vamana and visited the king. Vamana requested Mahabali to grant him the land which he can cowl with three toes. Being a sort and charitable individual, Mahabali granted his want, and shortly Vamana began to develop enormous in measurement. As he coated the Earth and Heaven together with his first two steps, King Bali requested him to maintain his final step on his head which lead him to Patala (nether world). Nonetheless, for the great deeds of King Bali, Lord Vishnu granted him the boon to go to his individuals yearly, which led to the celebration of the Onam competition. So, Onam celebrates the homecoming of King Mahabali.

Rituals of Onam Pageant

Following are some traditions/practices generally adopted as a part of Onam celebrations.


Also called Athapookkalam, these are the creative floral designs laid on the bottom, normally in entrance of the home. Usually, on the day of Atham, the womenfolk of the household dressed up in conventional types, gather flowers, and organize the patterns. These days, conducting Athapookkalam occasions is a typical apply through which each women and men take part in massive numbers.


The brand new garments that individuals present to their expensive ones on the event of Onam.

Onasadya / Onam Sadya:

The normal Kerala feast is served on banana leaves. Meals with greater than 13 conventional dishes, together with chips, pickles, and papads, are ready for this. Payasam, a attribute candy dish made from rice, milk, sugar, and coconut, is a should for Onasadya.


Vallam kali
That is the normal Kerala boat race occasion, normally performed on the event of Onam. Lengthy picket boats referred to as Chundanvallam(Snake boats), rowed by lots of of oarsmen, compete with one another, and the winners get enormous quantities of money as rewards.


This contains individuals with ‘yellow and black physique paints, resembling tigers’ dancing and amusing the spectators. In latest occasions, this has grown to be a large occasion and a serious vacationer attraction.


A dance type through which ladies, wearing conventional type, type a round sample round a Nilavilaku (oil lamp) and transfer in sync with a track. These days, faculties, faculties, and places of work conduct Kaikottikkali as part of their Onam celebrations.

Onam 2023, 10-Day Celebrations

The primary day (Atham):

This present day marks the start of Onam celebrations. Folks would generally begin at the present time by visiting the temples. Additionally, they go round amassing or shopping for flowers and arranging the Pookkalam.

The second day (Chithira):

The second day of the Onam celebration will begin with some prayers and worship. After that, new flowers will likely be added to the Pookkalam.

The third day (Choti):

From at the present time, individuals normally begin procuring to buy all of the stuff required for the upcoming celebrations.

The fourth day (Vishakam):

On at the present time, numerous communities would begin conducting occasions reminiscent of Pookalam competitions. Girls may begin getting ready pickles and chips for the ultimate day.

The fifth day (Anizham):

This present day is understood for the well-known boat race, also called Vallamkali.

The sixth day (Thrikketta):

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The cultural occasions would grow to be a typical sight throughout Kerala by this time. Folks would go to and take part in occasions with their close to and expensive ones.

The seventh day (Moolam):

Giant crowds will likely be seen in all places by this time. The markets and streets will likely be full of distributors promoting meals gadgets, garments, and many others.

The eighth day (Pooradam):

On at the present time, individuals would begin creating pyramid-shaped idols made out of clay. These idols will likely be adorned with flowers and organized close to the Pookkalam.

The ninth day (Uthradam):

The penultimate day of Onam sees individuals put together to welcome King Mahabali. There’s a heavy rush to acquire the ultimate supplies for Onam. This rush is often known as Uthrada-pachil (Uthradam rush).

The tenth day (Thiruvonam):

Thiruvonam is crucial day of Onam. It’s believed that King Mahabali visits his kingdom on at the present time. The spotlight of the day is the luxurious vegetarian feast households take pleasure in throughout midday referred to as Onasadya.

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